The first two days have been nothing short of a dump truck backing up to my brain and burying me in information, systems, processes, and learning new research platforms. A huge highlight was receiving my Bodleian library card which allows me access to 10 million volumes and access to one of the world’s greatest libraries. I will be in one of 28 libraries in the Oxford University system everyday (except Sunday) until I come back to the States. (Below: Bodleian Radcliffe Camera – The Radcliffe Camera is a building of Oxford University, designed by James Gibbs in neo-classical style and built in 1737–49 to house the Radcliffe Science Library)

I am eager to refine my research and really dig deep into my interest. Currently, I have been reading on technology and community. My takeaway, at this early stage, is the need for the Church of Jesus Christ to embrace and understand technology in ways that are useful and able to connect people in deeper contexts. A question, one of many, I am considering is this: can humans foster the same kind of intimate connections using technology as they can meeting in a physical space? Again, this is one of many and it is very rudimentary.

If you have thoughts, opinions, or resources I should check out, let me know.

I’ll be on later in the week.

+8 hours

I am all set to begin research induction school tomorrow. I will spend the next 30 days refining and narrowing my research focus to determine the question(s) and/or problem (s) I will want to address. This, as I understand, is quite grueling. I am looking forward to acquiring my Bodleian Library card that will give me access to one of the world’s greatest libraries. I will be spending many hours there, which is something I will really enjoy; a room full of books. #nerd

“The task of the modern educator is not to cut down jungles, but to irrigate deserts.” – C.S. Lewis

And so it begins…

Beginning PhD studies in Oxford U.K. this month. I am both anxious to do the research and a bit intimidated by the task. I am researching how the church can work to shape the culture in an urban neighborhood in which it exists, and how can it do so for the common good of the community using both digital media and traditional forms to gather people in the hope of transformation?

My first mission is to get a good coffee mug! Anyone have a recommendation for coffee in Oxford?

I will be updating my blog during my time in Oxford. Please drop in and say hi!



Walking, and praying your neighborhood

Prayer walking

I am about to begin work on a PhD, much of it around ways a church, in an urban setting can be sustainable, and provide a place of health, hope, and service to the neighborhood in which it resides. One of those ways to care for a neighborhood is to know about it, and pray for it.

Prayer walking is a great way to get active in prayer and is as simple as it sounds – you pray as you walk. Why not try it and learn more about a place and God’s heart for a community.

24-7 is a prayer network out of the UK that details a way to prayer walk your neighborhood. Please let me know the neighborhood you are prayer walking so I can pray with you.

There are many ways to do it but here are a few suggestions for giving it a go for your neighborhood, and your church.

  1. Start and end together: agree a place and time to meet to start walking and talking to God together.  Begin by explaining why you’ve gathered to pray and a few pointers for those who haven’t prayed this way before.  If you’re going to split into smaller groups at any point, then agree a place and time to end together.
  2. Planned route or a wild goose chase? You can decide ahead of time where you’re going to go or you can simply ask the Holy Spirit to lead you as you walk.  Just make sure you don’t get lost!
  3. Try going out in twos: Jesus sent his disciples out in twos. It’s not intimidating or as conspicuous as a large group can be, and it is safer than people going on their own.  If you have a larger group breaking into pairs can help you cover more ground. For safety’s sake you might want to make sure that at least one person on each team has a mobile phone in case you need to contact each other.
  4. To be seen or not to be seen: you can pray quietly or in a volume that doesn’t draw attention if you’re on a covert prayer mission. Silence is okay too. It’s not about being seen to be praying, it’s about seeing and praying.  Having said that, if you feel confident sometimes the Lord can ask us to pray boldly in public!
  5. Pray the positive: even in areas that are considered ‘dark’ or ‘desperate’, try to pray blessings rather than ‘tearing down’ prayers. Focus on God’s plan, purpose and destiny for the place and the people that live there.  “Your Kingdome come, your will be done…” makes an excellent start!
  6. Ending well: if you’ve gone in different directions why not meet up at the end to share what you’ve felt, seen, prayed and heard from God.  If you can keep a record of what you share so you can build on it next time.

A perspective on ACA

The repeal of the ACA has created quite the firestorm, as expected. No matter where you stand on the issue the fact that remains is that there are people, namely poor, venerable, and sick that are the ones that are going to hurt the most from this. As a follower of Jesus, I cannot ignore this question, “But if anyone has the world’s goods and sees (a person) in need, yet closes their heart against them, how does God’s love abide in them?” (I John 3:17).

I am not an expert on healthcare, and I do not claim to have the answer. However, I do think it is important for fellow Christ followers (and others) to do what is right and stand up for those who have critical needs. If you didn’t see this from Jimmy Kimmel, take the time to watch, here.

My daughter is getting a Masters of science in nursing, family nurse practitioner – MSN, FNP at University of Colorado, recently wrote about this. The question was asked,  if you had any suggestions for the amendment to better our healthcare system, what would those be? I have posted her answer below. 

Amendments without repeal is the direction that I think we should be headed. Considering the extensive implementation process that took place with the ACA, just getting the millions of Americans signed up for their new insurance, and then actually putting their insurance to use, the repeal and then initiation of another system will be anything but beneficial to the public. One of the main aspects of the ACA that is under scrutiny is its longterm benefit vs damage in regards to the average American family’s economic sustainability and prosperity. The question whether or not widespread coverage is fiscally responsible and beneficial has long since been answered. It has been demonstrated over and over again that when preventative care is provided to the public at large, national spending on healthcare decreases. The ACA provides expanded coverage and access to preventative services for the vulnerable in our population. Speaking generally, It is the vulnerable that increase overall healthcare costs because before the ACA, they would only access the system through emergency services when expensive interventions were required. When primary and preventative services are provided, expensive tertiary interventions are decreased. This is why, after the reform failed to move forward in congress, we are seeing Republican states that had previously denied medicaid expansion through federal dollars, now looking to access federal funding through the ACA to provide coverage to their more vulnerable citizens. Why? Because when the vulnerable are left uninsured, overall healthcare costs increase. It is advantageous for these states to expand coverage, to decrease overall state spending. 

Personally, I see it beneficial and actually quite necessary to continue to expand Medicaid throughout the nation. We run into a moral and ethical debate as we start to look at the effect of providing preventative services to the public at large and the effect that has on profit. In our country, healthcare is ran as a business, a true capitalist endeavor. The system is compensated for the services provided. In general, the more tertiary, the more expensive, the larger the profit. Therefore, it is impossible to ignore the inherent incentive within the system to keep the demand for tertiary services high. In a capitalist state, demand drives supply, which drives profit, which keeps the system afloat. So it makes sense, if we view the healthcare system as a business, aka as a for-profit entity, there is little benefit to keep people healthy and out of hospitals or in need of extensive procedures. I do not mean to say all the providers that benefit from these services are evil and are only in this for the money, that would be a waste of time to even try to argue, because I do not think that is the case. However, this is not based on individual intent, its just the reality of a business. It is driven by money. This is why I think it is impossible not to consider a completely different view of the healthcare system. When we consider healthcare as a service, there is an assumption that it requires compensation. If we considered healthcare as a necessity that every human needs access to regardless of status, then it starts to look more like a right. And if we consider something a right, why would be build a compensatory mechanism into it? Now, I do not mean that it should free. Because when people pay into something, they take ownership in it. However, if we make people pay per service, we will be building discrimination directly into our system. The rich get care, the poor do not. Simple. And regardless of morality, from an economic perspective, that doesn’t work. So, if we have all citizens pay into a system (based on income), and from that funding provided by the citizens, all humans are able to receive the care needed to maintain health, we would start to see the cost of healthcare as a whole, decline. I think I just described taxes. God forbid. 

Right now, we have one foot in, one foot out. Which, as described above, won’t work. Its like two philosophies crammed into one system. Aka dysfunction and stagnation. A federal system that allows states to opt out (which was allowed by the Court in 2012) defeats the purpose of a national system and chops off its ability to succeed right at the knees (for lack of a better description). So, 2 paragraphs later, what I think we need to do is jump in with two feet. I think we need to commit to a single payer system and let it play out. The reason why that is going to be so difficult is because the thought of more taxes turns people off, for good reason. In our country, we have high taxes directly taken from our paychecks, as well as high out of pocket costs. I am not just talking about healthcare, I am talking about food, travel, mortgages, rent, etc. It is expensive to live in this country, and the more money taken from our paychecks, the harder it is to survive here. Lets take a quick look at Europe. Why does this kind of healthcare system work in Europe? Well, they are taxed at something like 50% (Germany is specifically what I am thinking of). Those taxes cover healthcare, paid maternal/paternal leave (after birth and to care for sick children), more vacation time, higher retirement pensions, more affordable housing, childcare, low-cost higher education, etc. So their out-of-pocket costs are significantly lower than ours. In fact, if you look at the amount of money Europeans are taxed, and the amount of money we spend on those services, we end up paying more. So perhaps yet again, the problem is this one foot in one foot out mentality. High tax for healthcare, does not benefit us in other areas of life that may be currently more pressing for certain members of the population (such as childcare expenses or affordable housing). Perhaps we need to start to consider a more socialist-minded approach to these services if we want to decrease overall spending in this country and ultimately improve the overall health and wellbeing of each citizen. 


Are you addicted?

I quit facebook 5 years ago, I just quit Instagram last week, and now I am trying to see the value of Twitter, although I enjoy getting my news and Broncos updates in 140. It is an interesting reaction when I tell people that I don’t have these social media accounts any longer. “How are you going to keep up with people?” “What about people seeing your pictures and updates?” I get the feeling there is a mixture of people thinking I will become irrelevant, but also a tinge of admiration that I am actually doing it.

It is fascinating how social media has literally changed the way we relate and made us all voyeurs in each other’s lives, and yet, it is an incredible tool to get your business and interests out there for people to see and become familiar with.

Now, here’s the kicker; the social media is what kept me on my smart phone constantly checking, scrolling, liking, and commenting on all the beautiful pictures and interesting stories from people I really like and love.  And then I wanted to check all of the likes, comments, and interest from people who were viewing and reading my contributions. I discovered that throughout the day I could spend up to 3 hours on my phone!!! It had to stop.

In his book, “Irresistible” Adam Alter describes the power of addictive behaviors that are “crowding out essential pursuits” and diminishing social interaction, primarily in younger generations. It was startling to learn that innovators in the tech world limit the amount of technology in their homes. These are the creators of Twitter, Blogger, etc. Incredibly, Steve Jobs did not allow his own children to have an iPad!

Alter lists the six ingredients for behavioral addiction: compelling goals that are beyond our reach; irresistible and unpredictable positive feedback; a sense of incremental progress and improvement; tasks that become slowly more difficult over time; unresolved tensions that demand resolution; and strong social connections.

While abstinence is almost impossible, there are solutions that we can employ to curb the addiction and make our devices useful, rather than our devices using us. I like the suggestions of a few people that may help you, friends, family, and co-workers limit the time on their device.

  1. Set a time limit for your device use. There are many apps out there that will power your device down after a certain amount of time, or you can set it to power down in the evening.
  2. Create device free time. The worst thing is to see people on their phones when they are dining, shopping, or riding the bus. Try conversation, reading, or actually talking to a human. Remember when we would do that on elevators?
  3. Read this

So, are you addicted?

Going Viral


As I am continually asking the question: “What is the Church in our context?” I believe one important distinction is that the Church is a movement (bottom up, dynamic) rather than an institution (top down, static). However, it feels like the vast majority of churches operate as an institution. This, I believe, limits the church’s calling to be missional  as well as transformational.

Bobby Clinton, (Making of a Leader) has studied various movements from religious to secular. He concludes that movements have similar characteristics no matter their type. There are commonalities that exist whether the movements surround an ideology or a ministry.

There are five common commitments made on the part of those involved in a movement. Clinton defines a movement as a “groundswell of people committed to a person or ideals and characterized by the following important commitments.”

1) Commitment to Personal Involvement

2) Commitment to Persuade Others to Join

3) Commitment to the Beliefs and Ideals of the Movement

4) Commitment to Participate In a Non-Bureaucratic, Cell-Group Organization

5) Commitment to Endure Opposition and Misunderstanding

I believe these commitments create the right kind of tension and subversiveness that the church has commissioned to do.

What is Church?


Recently, a colleague asked me, “what is church in your context?” I was a bit perplexed by his question, however it has led me on a bit of a soul search to answer that question. I have been working in a church for almost two decades. The church is embedded in a neighborhood, and we have continually worked to understand the changing dynamics that happens in a city that is gentrifying rapidly.

Sociologists have, what I believe, accurately assessed that churches offer models of reality and models for reality. I would agree that churches reflect all of the problems of their surrounding society because they share its people and deal with its dominant cultural values. This makes sense as we are forever trying to understand how to disciple people in their natural environment. This is a dilemma in a work based culture.

A sense of community requires how those attend interact with one another, and what does the greater community think about the church. I will argue that the hope of every neighborhood church would be that the local community would feel a loss if the church would move or close.

I believe it is important that those who lead these neighborhood churches are skilled at fostering community with those who align with the mission of the church and with those who may not agree or are indifferent.

In an era when we train pastors in methods of leadership, in how to deliver effective sermons, and so forth, we must not forget how simple conversations that express empathy, supportiveness, courtesy, and compassion affect those who call the church their home, and those who are on the periphery.